Republicans Barack Obama Democrats Congress
  See $$$ From Your Zip Code $10,961,849,129 in Contributions for 2016 Election
Home | Money Search | Top 25 Candidates | Election News | About
Data Updated on 7/22/2017

BIPARTISAN VOLUNTARY PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE OF THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC. ( PNC PAC)
Political Action Committee
Campaign Contribution Details
2016 Election Cycle

Committee Information

Download all of the 2016 Individual Contribution Records for this Committee
to a Spreadsheet or Other File Type
NameBIPARTISAN VOLUNTARY PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE OF THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC. ( PNC PAC)
Connected Organization NameTHE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC.
Address249 FIFTH AVENUE, 21ST FLOOR
PITTSBURGH, PA  15222
Interest Group CategoryCorporation
Affiliated PartyUnknown
Affiliated Candidate --

Download all of the 2016 Individual Contribution Records for this Committee
to a Spreadsheet or Other File Type

Financial Details in the 2016 Election Cycle
BIPARTISAN VOLUNTARY PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE OF THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC. ( PNC PAC)

Through 12/31/2016
Category$ Dollar Amount
Total Receipts$952,307
Transfers From Affiliates$0
Contributions From Individuals$950,557
Contributions From Other Political Committees$0
Total Loans Received$0
Total Disbursements$748,313
Transfers To Affiliates$0
Refunds To Individuals$1,262
Refunds to Committees$0
Loan Repayments$0
Beginning Cash$94,999
Ending Cash$298,993
Debts Owed By$0
Nonfederal Transfers Received$0
Contributions Made To Other Committees$466,750
Independent Expenditures Made$0
Party Coordinated Expenditures Made$0
Nonfederal Share of Expenditures$0

Top 100 Donations/Contributions in the 2016 Election Cycle
BIPARTISAN VOLUNTARY PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE OF THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC. ( PNC PAC)

Name/
Location
Employer/
Occupation
Contribution
$ Amount
Primary/
General
Date
FULTON, HENRY W
CHARLOTTE, NC
28211
Pnc Bank Na/Director, Retail Assets$5,000 P05/21/2015
SINGH, GAGAN
PARAMUS, NJ
07652
Pnc Financial Services Group/Managing Director$5,000 P05/26/2015
SHEPARD, DONALD J.
THE WOODLANDS, TX
77380
Pnc Board Of Directors/Director$5,000 P10/15/2015
WASSON, GREGORY D.
LONG GROVE, IL
60047
Pnc Board Of Directors/Director$5,000 P10/19/2015
KELSON, RICHARD B.
NEW YORK, NY
10028
Pnc Board Of Directors/Director$5,000 P10/22/2015
SHEPARD, DONALD J.
THE WOODLANDS, TX
77380
Pnc Board Of Directors/Director$5,000 P04/11/2016
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$3,846 P03/24/2016
PARKER, MARK STEVEN
DIX HILLS, NY
11746
Pnc Financial Services Group/Prtfolioanl&Stra-Div Mgr II$2,500 P06/03/2015
PEPPER, JANE G.
MEDIA, PA
19063
Pnc Board Of Directors/Director$2,500 P10/13/2015
MULLINGER, DANIEL J
CHARDON, OH
44024
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$2,500 P03/14/2016
TROUTMAN, JEFFREY W
PITTSBURGH, PA
15215
Pnc Bank Na/Head Of Tm Sales$2,500 P03/17/2016
THUMA, DAVID
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Director, Investment Marketing$1,250 P05/06/2015
SCHRYVER, PETER H
SKILLMAN, NJ
08558
Pnc Bank Na/Commercial Credit Dir$1,250 P11/17/2015
OLSEN, DAVID T
SAGAMORE HILLS, OH
44067
Pnc Bank Na/Chief Operating Officer-Canada$1,250 P03/28/2016
SCHRYVER, PETER H
SKILLMAN, NJ
08558
Pnc Bank Na/Commercial Credit Dir$1,250 P12/02/2016
KATZ, MICHAEL
DEERFIELD, IL
60015
Pnc Bank Na/Vice President$1,000 P04/30/2016
LACLAIR, JENNIFER
SEWICKLEY, PA
15143
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$681 P04/30/2016
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Mtg Originations Exec$576 P10/31/2015
DUNIGAN, JAMES P
NEWTOWN SQUARE, PA
19073
Pnc Bank Na/Managing Exec Invest Strategy$576 P10/31/2015
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Mtg Operations Exec$576 P10/31/2015
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Financial Services Group/Compliance Program Exec$576 P10/31/2015
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/R/E Businesses Executive$576 P10/31/2015
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Financial Services Group/Deputy General Counsel$576 P10/31/2015
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Sr. Vice President$576 P04/30/2016
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$576 P04/30/2016
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$576 P04/30/2016
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Risk & Compliance Executive$576 P09/30/2016
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Real Estate Finance Executive$576 P09/30/2016
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$576 P09/30/2016
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Risk & Compliance Executive$576 P11/28/2016
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Real Estate Finance Executive$576 P11/28/2016
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$576 P11/28/2016
SCHIEZZARI, LOUIS S
SICKLERVILLE, NJ
08081
Pnc Bank Na/Credit Executive I$500 P05/05/2015
CROWELL, JOHN I
KALAMAZOO, MI
49009
Pnc Financial Services Group/Quant Anl/Md Dev-Grp Mgr I$500 P06/09/2015
GARBISCH, NORBERT
PITTSBURGH, PA
15232
Pnc Bank Na/Account Executive$500 P07/17/2015
GREENWOOD, MICHAEL D
SPRINGFIELD, OH
45502
Pnc Bank Na/Mortgage Loan Servicing Exec$500 P07/17/2015
GREENWOOD, MICHAEL D
SPRINGFIELD, OH
45502
Pnc Bank Na/Mortgage Loan Servicing Exec$500 P03/02/2016
GARBISCH, NORBERT
PITTSBURGH, PA
15232
Pnc Bank Na/Account Executive$500 P03/14/2016
SCHIEZZARI, LOUIS S
SICKLERVILLE, NJ
08081
Pnc Bank Na/Commercial Credit Mgr Sr$500 P03/14/2016
SHIELDS, RANDAL
MATTHEWS, NC
28104
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$500 P03/15/2016
MORRO, FERDINAND W
MARS, PA
16046
Pnc Financial Services Group/Asst Gen Auditor$500 P04/04/2016
LACLAIR, JENNIFER
SEWICKLEY, PA
15143
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$454 P12/31/2015
LACLAIR, JENNIFER
SEWICKLEY, PA
15143
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$454 01/31/2016
LACLAIR, JENNIFER
SEWICKLEY, PA
15143
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$454 P02/29/2016
LACLAIR, JENNIFER
SEWICKLEY, PA
15143
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$454 P03/31/2016
LACLAIR, JENNIFER
SEWICKLEY, PA
15143
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$454 P05/31/2016
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Mtg Originations Exec$384 06/30/2015
DUNIGAN, JAMES P
NEWTOWN SQUARE, PA
19073
Pnc Bank Na/Managing Exec Invest Strategy$384 06/30/2015
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/R/E Businesses Executive$384 06/30/2015
ROCKEY, JOSEPH
PITTSBURGH, PA
15237
Pnc Financial Services Group/Chief Risk Officer$384 P06/30/2015
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Financial Services Group/Deputy Gen Counsel$384 06/30/2015
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Mtg Originations Exec$384 07/31/2015
DUNIGAN, JAMES P
NEWTOWN SQUARE, PA
19073
Pnc Bank Na/Managing Exec Invest Strategy$384 07/31/2015
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Financial Services Group/Chf Compliance Officer$384 07/31/2015
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/R/E Businesses Executive$384 07/31/2015
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Financial Services Group/Deputy Gen Counsel$384 07/31/2015
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Mtg Originations Exec$384 P08/31/2015
DUNIGAN, JAMES P
NEWTOWN SQUARE, PA
19073
Pnc Bank Na/Managing Exec Invest Strategy$384 P08/31/2015
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Mtg Operations Exec$384 P08/31/2015
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Financial Services Group/Compliance Program Exec$384 P08/31/2015
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/R/E Businesses Executive$384 P08/31/2015
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Financial Services Group/Deputy General Counsel$384 P08/31/2015
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Mtg Originations Exec$384 09/30/2015
DUNIGAN, JAMES P
NEWTOWN SQUARE, PA
19073
Pnc Bank Na/Managing Exec Invest Strategy$384 09/30/2015
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Mtg Operations Exec$384 09/30/2015
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Financial Services Group/Compliance Program Exec$384 09/30/2015
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/R/E Businesses Executive$384 09/30/2015
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Financial Services Group/Deputy General Counsel$384 09/30/2015
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 P11/30/2015
DUNIGAN, JAMES P
NEWTOWN SQUARE, PA
19073
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 P11/30/2015
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 P11/30/2015
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Financial Services Group/Sr. Vice President$384 P11/30/2015
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 P11/30/2015
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Financial Services Group/Deputy General Counsel$384 P11/30/2015
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 12/31/2015
DUNIGAN, JAMES P
NEWTOWN SQUARE, PA
19073
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 12/31/2015
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 12/31/2015
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Sr. Vice President$384 12/31/2015
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 12/31/2015
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$384 12/31/2015
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 01/31/2016
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 01/31/2016
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Sr. Vice President$384 01/31/2016
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 01/31/2016
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$384 01/31/2016
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 02/29/2016
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 02/29/2016
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Sr. Vice President$384 02/29/2016
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 02/29/2016
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$384 02/29/2016
BOOMER, PETER C
HINSDALE, IL
60521
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 03/31/2016
GOEDEN, DAVID
OAK PARK, IL
60302
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 03/31/2016
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Sr. Vice President$384 03/31/2016
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 03/31/2016
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$384 03/31/2016
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Sr. Vice President$384 P05/31/2016
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 P05/31/2016
SPIRO, ALEXANDER
PITTSBURGH, PA
15217
Pnc Bank Na/Deputy General Counsel$384 P05/31/2016
LITTLE, MICHAEL J
VENETIA, PA
15367
Pnc Bank Na/Sr. Vice President$384 P06/30/2016
REID, DIANA
PITTSBURGH, PA
15213
Pnc Bank Na/Executive Vice President$384 P06/30/2016

Political Candidates Receiving Contributions in the 2016 Election Cycle from
BIPARTISAN VOLUNTARY PUBLIC AFFAIRS COMMITTEE OF THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC. ( PNC PAC)

Candidate NameOfficePartyStateDistrictPrimary/
General
$ Dollar
Amount
Date
BARR, GARLAND ANDY House of RepsRepublicanKY 06P$2,00006/04/2015
BENNET, MICHAEL F SenateDemocratCO --G$1,00005/26/2016
BLUNT, ROY House of RepsRepublicanMO 07P$2,50006/04/2015
CASEY, ROBERT P JR SenateDemocratPA --P$4,00011/13/2015
CASEY, ROBERT P JR SenateDemocratPA --G$1,00011/13/2015
COSTELLO, RYAN A House of RepsRepublicanPA 06G$75005/26/2016
COSTELLO, RYAN A House of RepsRepublicanPA 06P$1,00004/09/2015
COSTELLO, RYAN A House of RepsRepublicanPA 06P$2,50006/04/2015
COSTELLO, RYAN A House of RepsRepublicanPA 06P$50006/04/2015
COTTON, THOMAS House of RepsRepublican 04G$1,00002/03/2015
CRAPO, MICHAEL SenateRepublicanID --P$1,50004/09/2015
CRAPO, MICHAEL SenateRepublicanID --G$1,00004/09/2015
CRENSHAW, ANDER House of RepsRepublicanFL 04P$2,50006/04/2015
CRENSHAW, ANDER House of RepsRepublicanFL 04P$2,50004/09/2015
CRENSHAW, ANDER House of RepsRepublicanFL 04G$50007/14/2015
CRENSHAW, ANDER House of RepsRepublicanFL 04G$1,75006/20/2016
CRENSHAW, ANDER House of RepsRepublicanFL 04G$1,75006/20/2016
CRENSHAW, ANDER House of RepsRepublicanFL 04G$50006/04/2015
DUFFY, SEAN House of RepsRepublicanWI 07P$2,50006/04/2015
DUFFY, SEAN House of RepsRepublicanWI 07P$1,00004/09/2015
FUDGE, MARCIA L House of RepsDemocratOH 11P$1,50006/04/2015
GRAVES, JOHN THOMAS MR. JR. House of RepsRepublicanGA 14P$1,00006/04/2015
GRAVES, JOHN THOMAS MR. JR. House of RepsRepublicanGA 14P$1,00004/09/2015
HECK, DENNIS House of RepsDemocratWA 10P$2,50004/09/2015
HENSARLING, JEB HON. House of RepsRepublicanTX 05P$5,00006/04/2015
HUDSON, RICHARD L. JR. House of RepsRepublicanNC 08P$1,00004/09/2015
HUDSON, RICHARD L. JR. House of RepsRepublicanNC 08P$1,00012/22/2015
HUIZENGA, WILLIAM P THE HON. House of RepsRepublicanMI 02P$2,50006/04/2015
HUIZENGA, WILLIAM P THE HON. House of RepsRepublicanMI 02P$2,50006/04/2015
HURT, ROBERT House of RepsRepublicanVA 05P$2,00006/04/2015
HURT, ROBERT House of RepsRepublicanVA 05P$2,50012/22/2015
KIRK, MARK STEVEN House of RepsRepublicanIL 10G$1,00004/09/2015
MCCARTHY, KEVIN House of RepsRepublicanCA 23G$2,50006/04/2015
MCCARTHY, KEVIN House of RepsRepublicanCA 23P$5,00006/09/2015
MCHENRY, PATRICK TIMOTHY House of RepsRepublicanNC 10P$5,00006/09/2015
MULVANEY, JOHN MICHAEL 'MICK' House of RepsRepublicanSC 05P$50005/26/2016
MULVANEY, JOHN MICHAEL 'MICK' House of RepsRepublicanSC 05G$1,00005/26/2016
NORCROSS, DONALD W House of RepsDemocratNJ 01P$1,00004/09/2015
NUNES, DEVIN G House of RepsRepublicanCA 22P$1,00004/09/2015
PAULSEN, ERIK House of RepsRepublicanMN 03P$2,50002/03/2015
PERLMUTTER, EDWIN G House of RepsDemocratCO 07P$1,00005/01/2015
POLIQUIN, BRUCE L House of RepsRepublicanME 02P$1,00004/09/2015
POSEY, BILL House of RepsRepublicanFL 08P$1,00005/26/2016
ROSS, DENNIS ALAN House of RepsRepublicanFL 15G$1,50005/26/2016
ROTHFUS, KEITH MR. House of RepsRepublicanPA 12P$1,00004/09/2015
ROTHFUS, KEITH MR. House of RepsRepublicanPA 12P$2,00004/26/2016
ROTHFUS, KEITH MR. House of RepsRepublicanPA 12P$2,00006/04/2015
ROYCE, ED MR. House of RepsRepublicanCA 39P$2,50012/22/2015
RYAN, PAUL D. House of RepsRepublicanWI 01P$2,50004/09/2015
SCOTT, TIMOTHY E SenateRepublicanSC --P$2,50002/03/2015
SCOTT, TIMOTHY E SenateRepublicanSC --P$1,00005/01/2015
SCOTT, TIMOTHY E SenateRepublicanSC --P$1,00006/04/2015
SEWELL, TERRYCINA ANDREA House of RepsDemocratAL 07G$3,00005/26/2016
SINEMA, KYRSTEN House of RepsDemocratAZ 09P$1,00005/26/2016
SINEMA, KYRSTEN House of RepsDemocratAZ 09P$1,00006/04/2015
STIVERS, STEVE MR. House of RepsRepublicanOH 15P$2,00006/04/2015
THUNE, JOHN SenateRepublicanSD --P$1,50005/01/2015
THUNE, JOHN SenateRepublicanSD --G$50005/01/2015
TIBERI, PATRICK J. House of RepsRepublicanOH 12P$1,20005/01/2015
TIBERI, PATRICK J. House of RepsRepublicanOH 12P$2,50001/12/2015
TIBERI, PATRICK J. House of RepsRepublicanOH 12P$30012/22/2015
TIPTON, SCOTT R. House of RepsRepublicanCO 03P$1,00005/01/2015
WAGNER, ANN L. House of RepsRepublicanMO 02P$2,50001/12/2015
WAGNER, ANN L. House of RepsRepublicanMO 02P$1,50005/26/2016
WESTMORELAND, LYNN A. House of RepsRepublicanGA 03P$2,00006/04/2015
WILLIAMS, ROGER House of RepsRepublicanTX 25P$1,00005/01/2015

Search

Contributors:
   Individual's Name
   Employer
   Occupation
   City
   County
   Zip Code
   State
Candidates:
   Name
   Party
   State
Committees (PACs):
   Name
   Category
"527" Organizations:
   Organizations
   Contributors by Name
   Contributors by Zip
Lobbyists:
   Name
   Client

Directories

   Top $$$ Contributors
   Contributions by Zip
   Candidates by State
   Committees (PACs)
   527 Organizations

Reports

Celebrity Contributors:
   Aaron Sorkin
   Andrew Fastow
   Arnold Palmer
   Arnold Schwarzenegger
   Ben Affleck
   Bill Cosby
   Bill Gates
   Calvin Klein
   Dennis Kozlowski
   Donald Trump
   George Soros
   Hugh Hefner
   Jack Grubman
   Jeff Skilling
   John Grisham
   John Rigas
   Ken Lay
   Martha Stewart
   Mel Gibson
   Oprah Winfrey
   Ralph Lauren
   Donald Trump
   Richard Scrushy
   Rush Limbaugh
   Sam Waksal
   Scott Sullivan
   Steven Spielberg
   Tom Cruise
   Tommy Hilfiger
Industry Contributors:
   CEO/Chief Executives
   College Professors
   Journalists/Reporters
   Trial Lawyers
   Golf Professionals
   Poker Professionals
   Mortgage Brokers
   Futures Brokers
   Stock Brokers
   Options Brokers
   Life Insurance
   Health Insurance
   Auto Insurance
   Securities Lawyers
   Boats & Yachts
   Defense Contracts
   Nonprofits
   Aircraft
Baseball Contributors:
   New York Yankees
   Boston Red Sox
   Chicago Cubs
Notable Politicians:
   Barack Obama
   George W Bush
   John Kerry
   Ralph Nader
   Hillary Clinton
Companies:
   Microsoft
   CNN
   Apple Computer
   New York Times
   News Corporation
   Nike
   Halliburton
   General Electric
   Exxon Mobil
   Ford Motor
   Anheuser Busch
Top 10 Contributors:
   Thomas Steyer
   Linda Mcmahon
   Sheldon Adelson
   Miriam Adelson
   Bob Perry
   Michael Bloomberg
   Harold Simmons
   Fred Eychaner
   J Ricketts
   John Raese